The US will mark the 80th anniversary of the Japanese attack on the US naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on Tuesday.
The attack on Dec 7, 1941, shook a country that had been so focused on World War Two in Europe that it had lost sight of the threat posed by Japan, according to historians.
The attack killed 2,390 Americans, and the US declared war on Japan the next day.
On a rainy Monday evening, a memorial ceremony was held at Pearl Harbor to honor the 58 servicemen who died aboard battleship USS Utah, the first ship hit in the attack.
“On the morning of Dec 7, 1941, in the first few minutes of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Utah was hit by two torpedoes, which caused serious flooding,” said US Navy Commander Jason Adams.
“Chief Tomich stayed in the engine room, keeping the boiler as stable as possible to allow his sailors to get off the ship. Utah capsized killing 58 men in 12 minutes,” Adams said, referring to Peter Tomich, the ship’s chief watertender. Tomich died onboard the ship.
Members of the US Navy, veterans, friends and family members stood as the names of those who died were read out, each accompanied by a toll of a bell. The bugle call “Taps” was then played on a trumpet near the site of the sinking.
Several other remembrances organised by the National Park Service and the US Navy will be held to mark the day.
The bombing was famously dubbed “a date which will live in infamy” by then-US President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
The US defeated Japan in August 1945, days after US atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki killed hundreds of thousands of civilians.