Thousands of farmers had been camped out on the borders of the capital New Delhi since November 2020 in one of the biggest challenges to Modi's government.
Experts say obstacles remain to achieving self-sufficiency, caused in part by a lack of downstream activities and a heightened focus on industrial crops.
The Rome-based Food and Agriculture Organization projects a record global cereal production in 2021, but says this will be outpaced by forecast consumption.
One significant advantage of increased crop yields is to reduce the need for forests to be cleared for food production.
Human Resources Minister M Saravanan says locals are not keen on working in the plantation, agriculture, manufacturing and construction sectors.