UN secretary-general Antonio Guterres called for "massive" international support for flood-ravaged Pakistan while visiting the country on Friday, while Islamabad put the cost of flood-related damage at US$30 billion.
Record monsoon rains and glacier melt in northern mountains have triggered floods that have swept away houses, roads, railway tracks, bridges, livestock and crops, and killed more about 1,400 people.
Huge areas of the country are inundated and hundreds of thousands have been forced from their homes. The government says the lives of nearly 33 million people have been disrupted. Both the government and Guterres have blamed the flooding on climate change.
"I call on the international community that Pakistan needs massive financial support, as according to initial estimates the losses are around US$30 billion," Guterres told a joint news conference in the capital Islamabad, after meeting with Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif on his two-day visit.
Sharif said "Pakistan needs an infinite amount of funding" for its relief effort, adding the country "will remain in trouble as long as it doesn't receive sufficient international assistance".
Pakistan expects to cut its GDP growth projection for the financial year 2022-2023 to 3% from 5% due to the losses, planning minister Ahsan Iqbal told an earlier news conference.
The United Nations has launched an appeal for US$160 million in aid to help Pakistan cope with the disaster.
As well as meeting Sharif and foreign minister Bilawal Bhutto-Zardari, Guterres will tour affected areas during his visit.
Bhutto-Zardari told a news conference after the meeting that Pakistan was waiting for the rescue and relief phase of the crisis to end before calling a donor conference to work on reconstruction.
"When we have a 100km lake that has developed in the middle of Pakistan, tell me how big of a drain can I build to manage this?" he said.
"There is no man-made structure that can evacuate this water."
In July and August, Pakistan recorded 391mm of rainfall – nearly 190% more than the 30-year average. The southern province of Sindh has been overwhelmed, with 466% more rain than average.
Guterres said the world needed to understand the impact of climate change on low-income countries.
"It is essential for the international community to realise this, especially the countries who have contributed more to climate change," he said.
The World Health Organization has said more than 6.4 million people need humanitarian support in flooded areas.
The cost of clearing up and rebuilding after the floods has added to concerns about whether the country can afford to keep paying its debts.
Over the last three weeks its government bonds have fallen sharply, to almost half their face value in some cases, as international investors have begun to fear a default.