The UN must be allowed to deliver humanitarian aid to civilians in Myanmar, as agreed with Asean, without it being “instrumentalised” by the military, Michelle Bachelet said.
Myanmar has been in crisis since the military ousted Aung San Suu Kyi’s elected government on Feb 1, unleashing nationwide anger that quickly turned into protests and strikes brutally suppressed by security forces.
The Asean bloc agreed a five-point consensus with junta leader Min Aung Hlaing in April, “but unfortunately the Myanmar military leadership have shown little sign of abiding by it”, Bachelet told the UN Human Rights Council.
“It is urgent for Asean to appoint a special envoy or team to get some kind of political dialogue underway. I encourage Asean to engage with the democratic leadership and civil society, not just the military front,” Bachelet said. “It will be important to deliver aid through civil society structures as much as possible and in consultation with the democratic opposition.”
Nearly 900 people have been killed since the coup, while at least 5,200 remain unlawfully detained, Bachelet told the Geneva forum on Tuesday at the start of a two-day debate.
At least 93 journalists have been arrested since the coup, and sources report that at least 44 of them are still in jail, including foreign correspondents.
“Eight major Myanmar media outlets have had their licences revoked by the military, many journalists have had no option but to seek safety outside of the country,” Bachelet said.
Bachelet, a former president of Chile, urged countries to support independent media and civil society and “help them find channels to get information out” of Myanmar.
“There can be no sustainable solution to the crisis without a fundamental change in the military’s role and full civilian control of the military,” she said.