Italian confectionary giant Ferrero said it will stop sourcing palm oil from Sime Darby Plantation after the US customs service found the Malaysian planter used forced labour, in a reputational blow for the palm producer and for Malaysia.
Labour practices across Malaysia have come under scrutiny in the past two years, with six companies including Sime Darby banned by US customs over forced labour allegations.
Palm oil, the most widely used vegetable oil, is a key ingredient in Ferrero Rocher chocolates and Nutella spread, giving the iconic products their smooth texture and shelf life.
“On April 6, we requested all our direct suppliers to stop supplying Ferrero with palm oil and palm kernel oil sourced indirectly from Sime Darby, until further notice,” Ferrero told Reuters by email.
“Ferrero will comply with the US Customs and Border Protection’s decision,” it said.
Although Ferrero buys relatively little of the edible oil from Sime Darby, its move – following similar halts by Hershey Co HSY.N and General Mills Inc last year – is a further reputational blow for Sime Darby and for Malaysia, which faces mounting allegations of labour abuses of migrant workers in various industries.
Sime Darby told Reuters it has taken steps in the area of human rights and that all its stakeholders who are committed to sustainability can be assured of its commitment and leadership in the industry. Ferrero is not a customer, it added.
“We are also in regular communication with all key stakeholders, particularly customers who have their own commitments,” it said.
Ferrero, responding to queries this week from Reuters about suppliers receiving its requests to stop buying from Sime Darby, said it does not buy directly from the firm, which it said supplies 0.25% of its palm oil volumes.
Following a 2020 decision that indicated “forced labour indicators” at Sime Darby, US Customs and Border Protection said in January it had sufficient evidence of forced labour and that the firm’s goods were subject to seizure.
Ferrero said its products and brands in the US had stopped sourcing from Sime Darby in January 2021.
Sime Darby, seen as the leader in sustainably produced palm oil, has promised “sweeping changes” to its governance and some labour practices following the US finding.
Palm oil is one of the world’s cheapest and fastest-growing vegetable oils, used in products from food to cosmetics to biodiesel. But the industry has faced scrutiny over the years for widespread deforestation in Southeast Asia and exploitation of migrant workers.
Migrant workers from countries like Indonesia, India and Bangladesh account for around 80% of the palm oil labour force in Malaysia, the world’s biggest producer of the commodity after neighbouring Indonesia.
Ferrero says it uses only certified sustainable palm oil. It sources 85% of its palm oil from Malaysia, which traditionally has a better reputation for its sustainability than Indonesia.